The present simple tense is the most important tense for elementary students of English to learn. To be able to communicate intelligibly they need to master at least the basic rules. If they don´t they will struggle with many other grammar rules. Therefore it is crucial that they learn this tense.
But what does it mean to master the present simple tense? What do the students need to learn? In this post, I will list all the things you need to teach to help them with this grammar.
Present Simple – Form[/su_heading][su_spacer] [su_spacer][su_heading]
1. SVOMPT[/su_heading][su_spacer] In my opinion, this is the most important rule the students must learn. If they don´t put the words into the correct order they will speak like Mister Yoda at best. But it is more likely that they won´t communicate at all.
Many teachers and experts believe that the students will pick up the SVOMPT rule on their own. They believe that it is enough to provide the learners with enough input and this rule will take care of itself. They are wrong! It works in this way only with gifted students but not with the weaker ones. You need to teach this rule.
I have already created two posts on teaching SVOMPT. You can find the first one here and the second one here.
2. Negatives[/su_heading] In most languages, you just add the negative prefix or suffix to a verb. In English, you need to add another verb – the auxiliary DON´T. For many students, this is a completely new notion and you need to prepare them for this. Moreover, in the third person singular, you need to use DOESN´T.
In my experience, this rule is best mastered by using drills. Of course, we shouldn´t drill for hours on end, but 5 minutes in several consecutive lessons would be nice. For drilling I love using the following Drill table:
I love using the following video based on the drill table:
And to give my students a visual support to learn the negative form, I use the following graphic organiser:
3. The -S ending[/su_heading] When we speak about the present simple tense form, most people will mention the -s ending first. It is a real problem even for native speakers. It takes very long to master and even advanced learners of English often fail to add it when speaking. And some teachers seem to be obsessed with the third person singular.
I personally don´t care much. If the students use English extensively, this will take care of itself in time. But there is no way to make the process any quicker. Of course, I would drill it and I would correct it but I wouldn´t worry about it too much.
Present Simple – Forming Questions[/su_heading][su_spacer] Here we go again. The auxiliary DO!!!
To form a question in the present simple tense, students need to use the auxiliary DO. It is not so difficult to explain. Once your students know the SVOMPT rule, just tell them to add DO at the beginning of the sentence. This “DO” informs the listener that the sentence is a question.
It isn´t difficult to understand. The problem is that in the third person singular they need to use the auxiliary DOES. To help my students I use the following drill table
and the following graphic organiser:
Questions Words[/su_heading] Don´t forget the questions words! Many teachers suppose that their students know the question words, but they don´t. You have to teach them! You can use the following video to teach the words:
Or you could edit the following mind map. It contains the question words and their Czech translation.
And now you might think that you are done with teaching the present simple tense. You are wrong! There are the short answers. While students can understand that they need to use the auxiliary DO again, they often fail to use the correct pronoun. To help them I have created the following post to teach just the short answers in the present simple tense.[su_spacer][su_heading]
VERBS[/su_heading][su_spacer] Fine, now your students know the rules how to form the present simple tense. Great job! You can start teaching something else now, can´t you?
No, you can´t. Students need to know the verbs they could use the grammar with. The present simple tense is traditionally taught with the verbs for daily routines. But these verbs, though very useful, are not the most frequent ones in English. To teach our students real English it is necessary to introduce a batch of the really frequent verbs in English. The following list contains all the verbs that belong among the 250 most frequent words in English:
If you are looking for a way to teach the verbs, you can find some interesting methods for teaching vocabulary here.[su_spacer][su_heading]
Present Simple – Fluency[/su_heading][su_spacer] Have you noticed that there is one verb students can use correctly most of the time? Do you know which one?
It is the verb LIKE. Students often fail to form the present simple tense correctly, but they produce the questions “What do you like?” and “Do you like One Direction?” correctly. How is this possible?
The answer is simple. The verb LIKE is used in many communicative exercises (sometimes the exercises do not contain any other verb) and students simply become fluent using this verb. Our goal is, however, to achive the same fluency with the other verbs too. But how? What can we do?
I have designed the following exercise to help my students become more fluent:
Moreover, when preparing communicative exercises, we need to use more verbs than just the verb LIKE.[su_spacer][su_heading]
Present Simple – Pronunciation[/su_heading][su_spacer] This topic would need a whole new post. So I will just mention what makes the present simple tense so difficult to learn.
We cannot rely on the fact that our students will learn the present simple tense by ear. As the native speakers contract the pronunciation of the auxiliaries heavily, we cannot expect our students to pick them up just by listening. We need to teach the grammar.[su_spacer][su_heading]
Present simple – usage[/su_heading][su_spacer] Shall you explain the usage of the present simple tense at the beginning? Please, don´t.
If it is the first tense you teach, do not bother with explaining the usage. Teach the verbs, meaning and the form and explain the usage only once you introduce another tense. [su_spacer][su_heading]
Conclusion[/su_heading][su_spacer] In this post I have tried to show all the aspects of the present simple tense, which you need to teach. Moreover, I shared some materials which I use to teach this tense. I hope you find this post useful and that you will be able to teach the grammar better.
You can use the following mind map to check that you taught everything:
Please, share your ideas in the comments section.
In this post I would like to share with you the best activities I know to teach the present simple tense.
To achieve this, I will recycle some of the materials I have already and shared here. However, there are several new materials (for example the infographic) which I designed just for this post.
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I hope you find these materials useful and you will use them in your lessons.
Present simple – song[/su_heading][su_spacer] In my opinion, it is best to start a lesson on new grammar with a song. Play the following song to your students and ask them to complete the lyrics.
Here are the lyrics to complete:[su_button url=”https://engames.eu/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/I-wake-up-in-the-morning.pdf” target=”blank” background=”#f56b68″ size=”6″]Present simple song[/su_button] [su_spacer][su_heading]
Present simple – form[/su_heading][su_spacer] Elicit what you are going to do in this lesson. You should get the answer that you are going to talk about things people do every day.
The aim of the following activity is to sensitize students to the forms of the present simple tense and to improve their pronunciation.
Play the following rhyme and ask the students to listen and then repeat it. In the last phase, students should read it on their own.
It is a good idea to ask your students to memorise the rhyme.[su_spacer][su_heading]
Present simple – infographic[/su_heading][su_spacer] I have been using a different infographic for a long time, but it was a bit too complicated, so I decided to create a new one.
Print the picture for everyone and explain that students should use the ending -s with the third person singular.
You might want to teach the correct spelling of the -s ending, but I do not think it is a good idea. I believe, it is better to expose the students to the language now.
Present simple – story[/su_heading][su_spacer] Before you play the following story for your students teach the following vocabulary: [su_button url=”https://engames.eu/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/Present-simple-tense_Dad-story_flashcards.docx” target=”blank” background=”#f56b68″ size=”6″]Present simple – Dad’s story flashcards[/su_button]
Print the worksheet, so that every student has a copy. It is best to print the cards on a stronger paper. Ask the students to cut the cards and go through the cards and translate the expressions into the students´ MT. Students write the translation on the other side of each card.
Then students learn the new words using the flashcards.
Once they learn the words, play the following British Council video and ask the students to do the accompanying tasks. I think that tasks 1 and 4 are especially important.
[showmyadsa] Collect the texts your students write and correct them to see what problems your students have.
Present simple – grammar exercises[/su_heading][su_spacer] To practise the presents simple tense, I devised the following maze. Print the worksheet for everyone and tell the students to start in the left hand upper corner and go through the maze. They must make correct sentences in the present simple tense. They must go just right, left, up or down. They mustn´t go diagonally. They must go through each square just once and they have to finish in the right hand bottom corner. [su_button url=”https://engames.eu/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/Present-simple-maze.docx” target=”blank” background=”#f56b68″ size=”6″]Present simple tense – maze[/su_button]
It is a good idea to teach the most frequent verbs in English here. Here are the flashcards for the most frequent verbs in English:[su_button url=”https://engames.eu/wp-content/uploads/2016/05/Most-common-verbs-250.docx” target=”blank” background=”#f56b68″ size=”6″]Most frequent English verbs[/su_button]