Passive voice

To learn Passive voice it is necessary to know the past participles. If you do not know the past participles go to our post on Past participle and learn the irregular verbs first. Once you do not have any problems with past participles, it is time to learn the Passive voice in English.
Passive voice is used if the subject (the thing before the verb) does not do the action described by the verb. Then you have to insert the verb “TO BE” in the correct form in front of the verb in past participle.

Passive – graphical presentation

First there is a mind map describing the form of the passive.


The second graphic clearly shows the usage of passive voice: Your task is to write two sentences under each picture using present simple tense and past simple. The sentences in the first column should be in active voice and the sentences in the second column should be in passive voice.

passive demonstration
See how passive is formed

Passive – games

Here you have a chance to learn the passive through games. Play each game at least twice and then I think that you will understand the basic rules of passives.
The first game is a simple online quiz. Try to fill in the verbs in the correct form.

Passive – online quiz

The second game is called Hoop shoot. Once again, choose the correct form and then stop the sliders in the center.
Click Here to play the game – Passive Hoop Shoot

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This Post Has 35 Comments

  1. emad

    Thanks for your helpful tips on grammar.

  2. Andrew Martin Lorimer

    The study of ‘grammar’ is so interesting. Of course the grammar of a language follows the ‘collective human mind’s understanding’, and as such, if it is a correct description, is truly representative of it’s speakers representative sample.

  3. Moeoo Koko

    many thanks!

  4. TBONG

    very hard for beginer

  5. Zdenda

    I am glad you find this grammar explanation useful.

  6. Beatriz

    Thank you so much for your explanation.

  7. Hassan

    Very informative. Especially for language teachers.

  8. Mayra Vera

    Thanks a lot!!! This is something Ss always struggle with.

  9. elena

    very useful,thank you 🙂

  10. Keti

    very useful

  11. Elena

    Great…I was loking for something like that!!!!!!
    Thanks from South of Italy!!!

  12. Zdenda

    I am happy that you find this grammar explanation useful.

  13. Zdenda

    I am glad you see the grammar explanation in this way.

  14. Zdenda

    Yeah, when I was teaching this grammar two weeks ago I failed completely. Many students started to understand passive only after being presented the other picture.

  15. Zdenda

    Not only for the teachers. It is for the students too. They can learn the grammar here.

  16. rasyida

    very usefull, thanks!

  17. Zdenda

    Thank you. I try to explain the grammar as well as I can.

  18. Muslymat

    I ve taught my students this very topic,but not like this, I think this method is simple and students will understand easily. Thanks so much.

  19. Zdenda

    Yeah, I have tried to teach my students passive for a long time and I am really happy with this explanation.

  20. Jitka

    Thank you for your work !
    Can I have a question ? Do you teach with Project 3rd edition ?
    🙂 When I look for something that I need for my lesson, I always find your web 😀 and yopur nice mind maps. Can I share your link on my web ? Jitka

  21. Zdenda

    Yes, I teach Project 3rd edition and most of the material here is created for my classrooms. You are welcome to share the material here as long as you put a link to this site there.

  22. The Anglophile

    Hello there~^^ I love how you explain the active and passive voice in this kind of interactive illustrations~ How about if you make another to explain the usage of have/had/has and were/was~^^ again thank you~^^

  23. Zdenda

    That is a great idea. I will jump on it next week.

  24. Nmer

    We are sure that the mental map is very important and useful but we have another technique. you are going on the whole tenses!

  25. Zdenda

    Could you explain in more detail what you mean?

  26. Power English

    This is really great lesson to learn the Passive voice in English. Because most of learners make mistakes about passive voice. But you shared very useful explanations, pictures and more here. Thanks.

  27. SUBHAN

    It’s really useful I’ve tried with my student Thanks .

  28. Moh

    could you please tell me what software do you use for making these games ?

  29. Zdenda

    I have been using games and

  30. Zdenda

    I have used the following software: Flash games from,,, and edrawmax.

  31. khanh nhu vo

    it’s very useful for me, simple and easy to understand

  32. Zdenda

    Then we have achieved what we wanted to. Thank you for your appreciation.

  33. Tegbe

    Thanks for this inspiring tools.

  34. Melitina Trigueros

    Thanks a lot for your help.

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